El torno alfarero en lo contemporáneo/The contemporary potter’s wheel

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No se sabe con precisión la fecha de la invención del torno alfarero. La “rueda” (parte que da inercia al torno) más antigua que se conoce fue encontrada por un arqueólogo llamado Wooley en 1930, en Ur, (antigua Mesopotamia), actualmente Irak.  La fecha estimada del torno encontrado fue de alrededores del 3250 a.C.

En un papiro egipcio datado en el 3000 a. de C. aparece el Dios con forma de carnero llamado Jnum, en su torno de alfarero fue modelando el cuerpo humano, y también su alma, esta mitología se recoge en los Textos de las Pirámides, en el templo de Esna y en el papiro Westcar. Por lo tanto tendríamos que suponer que si ese Dios Jnum es antiquísimo de la era predinástica, el torno aparecería mucho antes, torno lento (a partir del 4500a.C.) o rápido (desde el 2000a.C.).

Cuando hablamos del torno alfarero, visionamos imágenes de vasijas, botijos, platos y un sin fin de productos tradicionales y de índole popular y utilitario así como mercados artesanales, ferias etc.  La popularidad de estos productos y ambientes de venta nos ha generado esta generalización visual de la artesanía practicada con el torno alfarero.montaje fotos

No obstante, en la actualidad, el uso del torno ha sido prestado también como una herramienta más para artistas plásticos dándole un nuevo propósito y valor añadido a las posibilidades de esta herramienta. Algunos dicen que es una herramienta limitada por su resultado natural,  cilíndrica. No obstante hay infinidad de posibilidades para “darle la vuelta” y desfragmentar el cilindro, creando un sin fin de formaciones/construcciones. El cilindro solo es un punto de partida, no una limitación.

Con esta herramienta tan antigua como contemporánea, son muchos los artistas y ceramistas que han experimentado, innovado y aportado al mundo del arte. Piezas no funcionales partiendo del cilindro. Piezas construidas en su base con una herramienta que fue diseñada hace miles de años para crear objetos  con funciones básicas como la de contener.

Entre estos artistas se encuentra Juan Ortí, Gustavo Pérez o el renombrado ceramista Americano, Paul Soldner.

 

Read the article in English

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No one knows the exact date of the invention of the potter’s wheel. The oldest “wheel” known was found by an archaeologist called Wooley in 1930, in Ur (ancient Mesopotamia), currently Iraq. The estimated date when the wheel was found was around 3250 BC.

In an Egyptian papyrus dated to 3000 B.C., God appears in the form of a ram called Khnum, in his potter’s wheel he was modeling the human body, and soul. This mythology is collected in the Pyramid Texts, in the temple of Esna and papyrus Westcar.

Therefore we would have to assume that if that Jnum God is ancient in the predynastic era, the wheel would appear much earlier, slower wheel (from 4500a.C.) or fast (from the 2000a.C.).

When we speak about the potter’s wheel, we envision images of vases, jugs, dishes and countless traditional products with a popular and utilitarian nature, and craft markets, fairs etc. The popularity of these products and sales environments has led us this visual generalization of the potter’s wheels craft.

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However, currently, the use of the potters wheel has also been provided as an additional tool for plastic artists, giving a new purpose and added value to its possibilities. Some people say it is limited as its natural outcome is cylindrical. However, there are plenty of possibilities to “flip” and defragment the cylinder creating endless formations / constructions. The cylinder is just a starting point, not a limitation.

With this ancient but also contemporary source, many artists and ceramists have experienced, innovated and contributed to the art world. Non-functional objects created out of a cylinder. Art pieces created with a tool that was designed thousands of years ago to create objects with basic functions as containing.

Juan Ortí, Gustavo Pérez or the renowned American ceramist, Paul Soldner, would be a very little selection of artists who have been motivated by the potters wheel to create artistic forms and constructions.

Un pensamiento en “El torno alfarero en lo contemporáneo/The contemporary potter’s wheel

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